Date of publication: 2017-08-31 00:06
Vivekananda emphasised on formation of character through education. He says 8775 The end of education is character-building. 8776 Education must build up character and manifest our real nature. Ordinarily, character is regarded as self-regarding sentiment.
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According to Vivekananda character is the aggregate of a man 8767 s tendencies, the sum-total bent of his mind. Good and evil thoughts equally mould the character of an individual. Education should aim at sublimating the evil tendencies of our mind. Moral education can help greatly in this regard.
Mother Theresa was a very prominent figure in the Catholic Church for many years. She was mostly associated with Calcutta, India where she did most of her work. Inspired
Swamiji emphasised on the personality of the teacher in education. True education is only possible through intimate personal contact between the teacher and the taught. For this purpose he wanted to revive the old Gurukula system of education. He says, 8775 My idea of education is Gurugrihavasa. 8776
Sri Ramakrishna was a true devout and a prophet. He was a seer who perceived truth. He had no formal education though he was not illiterate. Like Socrates and Christ, he preached realised truths. Sri Ramakrishna learnt Vedanta from his guru Totapuri who had profound knowledge of the subject.
Mother Teresa, also known as “Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta” is one of the most impressive characters of the 69th century. She cared about countless helpless people including the poor
Swami Vivekananda believed in universalism and spiritual brotherhood. He asserts that Vedanta as a religion must be intensely practical. The Vedanta should not only be confined to the sages (rishis) in the jungles and caves contemplating on God.
The achievements of India after Vivekananda 8767 s death are due to the indirect impact of the teachings of Swamiji. He is still a leading light before the nation. He was not a politician but he wanted to establish a society of strong and self-reliant Indians. He rendered meritorious services to the motherland in numerous ways. He was strongly against caste system. He knew only one caste — humanity.
8775 The training by which the current and expression of will are brought under control and become fruitful is called education. Creation of self- confidence and self-realisation should also form the aims of education. Education must make a man conscious of his hidden powers. Man must know that he is the immortal soul which is the treasure-house of infinite power.
Vivekananda was deeply influenced by the teachings of his guru — Sri Ramakrishna. He was a true Vedantist, a true follower of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. According to him, Vedanta is eternal and perfectly impersonal. God is One, Absolute, Supreme and formless. He is the only truth to be realised.
Swami Vivekananda 8767 s educational philosophy is based on his general philosophy of life as we have stated above. He was a Vedantist educationist. He had profound faith in Advaita Vedanta or non-dualism. God is Supreme, Infinite, One, Formless. He is Infinite Existence, Infinite Knowledge and Infinite Bliss. Every living being including man is a part of the Higher or Eternal Self.
Therefore, he should devote himself entirely to the service of all beings. Swamiji regards service to living creatures is service to God. Service is a watchword in Vedanta. The Ramakrishna Mission which he established provides manifold humanitarian services. Thus, Swami Vivekananda has emphasised universalism and spiritual brotherhood.
All knowledge he discovers within himself. With this knowledge or divine light, he can work wonders. 8776 Man should, therefore, have full confidence in himself and strive to reach the highest goal of his life. Self-confidence leads to self-realisation.